Mindfulness is the capacity of being fully aware of the present moment without judgment or distraction. Thus it involves paying attention to one's thoughts, feelings, and surroundings in a non-reactive and non-judgmental way.

Mindfulness can be cultivated through various practices, such as meditation, yoga, and tai chi, or through simple daily activities such as paying attention to one's breath or surroundings. It involves paying attention to the present moment, rather than dwelling on the past or worrying about the future.

The benefits of mindfulness are numerous and have been well-documented. It has been shown to reduce stress and anxiety, improve concentration and focus, and promote a sense of well-being and relaxation. It can also improve physical health by lowering blood pressure and heart rate, and reducing inflammation.

Mindfulness is not the same as relaxation, although it can lead to a sense of relaxation. It involves actively paying attention to one's thoughts and feelings, rather than trying to shut them off or ignore them. It involves being present and accepting whatever is happening in the present moment, rather than trying to change it or escape it.