Carl Gustav Jung, usually abbreviated to C. G. Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist, influential thinker, and founder of analytical psychology. Jung is often considered the first modern psychologist to say that the human psyche is "religious by nature" and to have explored it in depth.

Followers of this school of thought are called Jungians. Carl Gustav Jung was one of the founders of depth psychology, along with Siegmund Freud. Carl Gustav Jung, however, took the path of "analytical psychology" and explained the life of the soul as based on the collective unconscious.


Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. Born in Kesswil, Switzerland, Jung developed an early interest in the human mind and its complexities. He studied medicine at the University of Basel and later worked at the Burghölzli Psychiatric Clinic in Zurich.

Jung's exploration of the unconscious mind led to the development of his theory of the collective unconscious and archetypes. He diverged from Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic approach, emphasizing the importance of spirituality, mythology, and symbolism in understanding the human psyche.

Jung coined the terms "introversion" and "extraversion" to describe personality types and introduced the concept of the "shadow," representing the hidden and repressed aspects of the self. His work on dream analysis and active imagination contributed to his understanding of the unconscious's role in personal growth.

He also explored the process of individuation, which involves integrating various aspects of one's personality to achieve a more balanced and whole self. Jung's approach influenced fields beyond psychology, including literature, art, and religion.

Jung's collaboration with Toni Wolff and his relationship with patients like Sabina Spielrein deepened his insights into the dynamics of the psyche and relationships. Despite personal and professional challenges, Jung continued to develop his theories and publish extensively.

His legacy includes the establishment of the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich and the founding of analytical psychology as a distinct school of thought. Jung's emphasis on the interconnectedness of psychology and spirituality continues to resonate with individuals seeking to understand themselves and the human experience more deeply.

C.G. Jung Texts, Tubes & Books